The state and its struggle against the Lord’s Resistance Army

Authored by: Omona Andrew David , Samuel Baba Ayegba

The Routledge Handbook of Counterterrorism and Counterinsurgency in Africa

Print publication date:  January  2021
Online publication date:  January  2021

Print ISBN: 9781138575394
eBook ISBN: 9781351271929
Adobe ISBN:


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This chapter examines Uganda’s struggle against the Lord’s Resistant Army (LRA). It notes that starting in 1987 under the leadership of Joseph Kony, the LRA waged one of the enduring and protracted conflicts that defined the postcolonial history of Uganda. Starting in northern Uganda, the porosity of borders between Ugandan, Sudan (now South Sudan), and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) saw the sustained operation of the LRA in the three countries. After the failed Juba Peace process and a series of mediation efforts, relocating the base in the Garamba forests in the DRC, the Uganda People’s Defence Forces (UPDF) launched a military attack on the LRA that saw it spreading its tentacles and eventual base into the Central African Republic, and Sudan (Ochan, 2009: 3–4). In all the places where the LRA operated and had an encounter with the UPDF, the local communities in the areas experienced a lot of untold sufferings. To date, the attempt by the government of Uganda, the local and the international communities have not yielded much in as far as ending the struggle between the government of Uganda and the LRA.

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