Russian security strategy and the geopolitics of energy in Eurasia

Authored by: Mikhail A. Molchanov

Routledge Handbook of Russian Security

Print publication date:  February  2019
Online publication date:  January  2019

Print ISBN: 9780815396710
eBook ISBN: 9781351181242
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781351181242-18

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Abstract

A key role that energy security plays in Russia’s national security strategy has been determined by a combination of factors of structural, positional and relational nature. Starting with its global position, Russia is the biggest producer and the world’s top exporter of natural gas, the third biggest producer and the second largest exporter of oil, and the sixth biggest producer and the third biggest exporter of coal. It is the third largest nuclear power producer and the fourth largest producer of electricity in the world. Russia’s natural gas reserves are one-fourth of the planet’s total, which is more than the combined endowment of six out of the top ten holders of natural gas reserves in the world. Russia is also the third largest consumer of energy in the world. Clearly, it is interested in securing national sovereignty over its energy resources and maintaining effective control over their use and development.

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