The Caucasus in the Russian Empire

Authored by: Timothy K. Blauvelt

Routledge Handbook of the Caucasus

Print publication date:  March  2020
Online publication date:  March  2020

Print ISBN: 9781138483187
eBook ISBN: 9781351055628
Adobe ISBN:


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This chapter analyses the causes and driving forces of Russian expansion into the Caucasus from the fifteenth up to the nineteenth centuries, examines the different approaches towards the Christian Armenians and Georgians on the one hand and the Muslim Caucasians on the other. It details the century-long Caucasus War and the role of the Naqshbandi Sufi brotherhood and Islamic revival in mobilising the insurgency, as well as the Russian approach to pacification and colonisation of the Caucasus, including the transformation of the human geography of the region and its incorporation into the imperial administrative system.

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