The ‘long millennium’

The Caucasus from the medieval to the early modern periods

Authored by: Laurence Broers , Galina M. Yemelianova

Routledge Handbook of the Caucasus

Print publication date:  March  2020
Online publication date:  March  2020

Print ISBN: 9781138483187
eBook ISBN: 9781351055628
Adobe ISBN:


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This chapter introduces readers to the extremely complicated and multi-layered history of the Caucasus over the period from the seventh to the eighteenth centuries. Given the vast time span concerned, it does not attempt a detailed historical account of the Caucasus’ various polities and communities which emerged, disappeared or persisted in modified forms during the ‘long millennium’. Rather, the chapter addresses the major political and cultural shifts occurring in the region during this lengthy period as a result of the interaction between the Caucasus’ multiple social and political structures, institutions and norms and powerful external influences, including from the Byzantines, Muslim Arabs, Khazars, Seljuks, Genghizids, Ottomans and Safavids.

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