The north-eastern Caucasus

Dagestan, Chechnya and Ingushetia

Authored by: Galina M. Yemelianova

Routledge Handbook of the Caucasus

Print publication date:  March  2020
Online publication date:  March  2020

Print ISBN: 9781138483187
eBook ISBN: 9781351055628
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781351055628-13

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Abstract

The chapter begins by outlining the main historical, ethno-social and cultural factors which distinguish the north-eastern Caucasus. It proceeds to examine Russia’s autonomous republics of Dagestan, Chechnya and Ingushetia, which dominate the region. In relation to Dagestan, it discusses its ethno-national and Islamic trajectories and analyses the causes and agencies of its transformation into the centre of the post-communist Islamic resurgence in the Caucasus. In relation to Chechnya, it deals with the Chechens’ social structure and the political relevance of their taip – (neighbourhood community) and wird (Sufi branch) – affiliation. It also examines the impact of the Russo-Chechen wars of 1994–96 and 1999–2009 on the Chechen polity and society. In relation to Ingushetia, the discussion addresses the interplay between the internal political and societal dynamic and Ingushetia’s precarious entanglement with Chechnya and North Ossetia-Alania. The chapter concludes by analysing the nature and dynamic of Moscow’s relationship with Makhachkala, Grozny and Magas and assessing the effectiveness of federal policy in the region.

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