The economic wellbeing of the San of the western, central and eastern Kalahari regions of Botswana

Authored by: Robert K. Hitchcock , Maria Sapignoli

Routledge Handbook of Indigenous Wellbeing

Print publication date:  May  2019
Online publication date:  April  2019

Print ISBN: 9781138909175
eBook ISBN: 9781351051262
Adobe ISBN:


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The San (Bushmen, Basarwa) of the Kalahari Desert and adjacent regions in southern Africa have been studied intensively by anthropologists for over a century. For the past forty years human rights and development work has been carried out in cooperation with San communities in the Republic of Botswana. Using a comparative perspective, we examine the economic wellbeing and livelihood strategies of San living in varying circumstances ranging from freehold farms to a protected area and a communal area with mixed production systems in Botswana. Conclusions are drawn about the importance of using a socioeconomic approach as a way to measure Indigenous wellbeing and as a means of improving public policy involving Indigenous peoples.

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