The Role of Coastal States

Authored by: Lowell Bautista

Routledge Handbook of Maritime Regulation and Enforcement

Print publication date:  September  2015
Online publication date:  August  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415704458
eBook ISBN: 9781315890241
Adobe ISBN: 9781134499472


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The Coastal State plays a central role in global maritime regulation and enforcement. The role of the Coastal State complements, supplements, and counter-balances those of the Port State, the Flag State, international organisations, and other entities that enforce maritime rules, regulations and standards. 1 The systemic feature of international law as having no central enforcement body necessitates that States, and in some instances, international organisations, are conferred significant enforcement powers on behalf of the international community of States. 2 The powers, duties and responsibilities exercised by the Coastal State in respect of maritime regulation and enforcement, which are conferred and limited by customary international law and treaty law, are of paramount importance in ensuring safety and good order at sea, including the protection of the marine environment and the conservation of the ocean’s living and non-living resources.

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