Gender Differences in Environmental Concern

Sociological explanations

Authored by: Chenyang Xiao , Aaron M. McCright

Routledge Handbook of Gender and Environment

Print publication date:  June  2017
Online publication date:  July  2017

Print ISBN: 9780415707749
eBook ISBN: 9781315886572
Adobe ISBN:


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Research on environmental concern in the past few decades consistently finds that women express slightly greater environmental concern than men. This modest gender difference exists whether environmental concern is operationalized via items measuring environment/economic tradeoffs, participation in pro-environmental activities, pro-environmental attitudes or an ecological worldview, or perceived seriousness of different types of environmental problems. The greatest gender differences are generally seen in studies dealing with the last type of indicator – worry about specific environmental problems, especially those local problems with clear health risks to family and community.

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