U.S. Scientists and the Cold War

Authored by: Paul Rubinson

The Routledge Handbook of the Cold War

Print publication date:  May  2014
Online publication date:  June  2014

Print ISBN: 9780415677011
eBook ISBN: 9781315882284
Adobe ISBN: 9781134700653

10.4324/9781315882284.ch18

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Abstract

The totalizing nature of the Cold War in the United States meant that all societal institutions were affected by the bipolar ideological conflict. As World War II drew to a close, U.S. culture, economy, politics, and religion all began to confront both the apparent communist menace overseas and the domestic demand for anticommunist conformity. Much like other bedrocks of the American nation at this time, science could not stand aside. As science and engineering produced the dramatic innovations of the Cold War (including lasers, computers, and nuclear missiles), leaders of the scientific community also wrestled over the direction of science and the nation.

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