Neoliberal Institutionalism and Neofunctionalism in Latin American Security Studies

Authored by: Andrés Malamud , Luis L. Schenoni

Routledge Handbook of Latin American Security

Print publication date:  July  2015
Online publication date:  July  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415718691
eBook ISBN: 9781315867908
Adobe ISBN: 9781317965091

10.4324/9781315867908.ch3

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Abstract

Unlike realism–which posits survival and power as drivers and balance as mechanism–and constructivism–which posits ideas and identities as drivers and human interaction as mechanism–neoliberal institutionalism and neofunctionalism are two subsets of liberalism that focus on interests as drivers and institutions as mechanisms in determining preference formation and decision-making. In so doing, they offer a better explanation of international cooperation, integration processes, and institutional development than their theoretical alternatives. However, both theories differ in terms of level of analysis, key actors, and the causal mechanisms through which institutions are expected to condition policy outcomes.

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