Security Studies and Security in Latin America

The first 200 years

Authored by: Arie M. Kacowicz , David R. Mares

Routledge Handbook of Latin American Security

Print publication date:  July  2015
Online publication date:  July  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415718691
eBook ISBN: 9781315867908
Adobe ISBN: 9781317965091

10.4324/9781315867908.ch1

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Abstract

The ontology of security studies has become contested. A field that used to be the purview of military and diplomatic studies, which focused on the big questions of war and peace, has become democratized. Security studies now entails not only the traditional issues confronting states in their international relations, but also domestic challenges to regime stability. These include contestation of the state’s monopoly of force in physical spaces of the country, cultural survival of minority groups within the nation, and the ability of individual citizens to live and work without fear of either criminals or an overbearing government. It is not that these topics only matter going forward; in addition, scholars in the field (historians, anthropologists, and sociologists have always taken a broader view of security) are looking back to reveal how those without a voice (i.e., ‘subalterns’) nevertheless resisted, mobilized, and called for justice and change.

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