Social Justice and Education

Authored by: Maurianne Adams

Routledge International Handbook of Social Justice

Print publication date:  April  2014
Online publication date:  April  2014

Print ISBN: 9780415620437
eBook ISBN: 9781315857534
Adobe ISBN: 9781317934011

10.4324/9781315857534.ch17

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Abstract

In Western traditions, justice has taken different meanings based on a various conceptions of first principles, although a common thread has been the articulation of overarching or universal principles for adjudicating the goods and benefits, rights and duties, services, and obligations and benefits of organized social life. Whether based on principles of theology, philosophy, politics, or economics, justice requires that distribution and retribution accord with rational, objective judgments that assure fair, equitable, and impartial treatment for everyone. 2 Discussions of justice may be grounded in Kantian or Utilitarian political philosophy, religious or theological traditions (Christian, Confucian, Hindu, Islamic, Judaic), in social movements (Civil Rights, Occupy movements), in pluralistic social theory, or even grounded in the skeptical claim that emotion more than rationality governs one’s thinking about justice (Miller, 1999, p. ix; Capeheart & Milovanovic, 2007; Fraser, 1997; Sen, 2009; Young, 1990, 2011).

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