Restoration of Forest Ecosystems

Authored by: David Lamb

Routledge Handbook of Forest Ecology

Print publication date:  October  2015
Online publication date:  October  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415735452
eBook ISBN: 9781315818290
Adobe ISBN: 9781317816447


 Download Chapter



The world’s forests have been declining for many years but especially over the last 100 years. Some former forest lands are used for agriculture but many now lie abandoned in a degraded state. There is much debate over how to define and assess land degradation but one estimate suggests there could be as much as two billion ha of lands that have been degraded and may now be available for some form of reforestation (Laestadius et al. 2011). A number of international agencies are now calling for this to happen. For example, the Convention on Biological Diversity has suggested a target of 15 percent of all degraded lands be restored and many national governments have adopted national reforestation policies to overcome degradation (Suding 2011). The question is, how should this be done? Reforestation using simple monocultures of fast-growing exotic species has been carried out on a large scale in many countries but is it possible to actually restore the original forests?

Search for more...
Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.