Global Patterns Of Biodiversity in Forests

Authored by: Christine B. Schmitt

Routledge Handbook of Forest Ecology

Print publication date:  October  2015
Online publication date:  October  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415735452
eBook ISBN: 9781315818290
Adobe ISBN: 9781317816447

10.4324/9781315818290.ch21

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Abstract

The global forest ecosystems are of immense importance due to their high biodiversity and the ecosystem services they provide. They constitute some of the last large, and hence unfragmented, ecosystems of the world, yet some forest ecosystems are considered severely threatened (Hansen et al., 2013). For instance, although the vast majority of the global biodiversity hotspots harbour forest, only small areas of intact natural vegetation remain (Schmitt et al., 2009; Sloan et al., 2014). Knowledge of the biodiversity patterns in forests worldwide is crucial for strategic conservation planning on the global scale and for monitoring global conservation targets (Pereira et al., 2013, Pimm et al., 2014). Furthermore, there is strong international interest in the conservation of forest cover and forest biodiversity due to the important role of forests in global climate change mitigation (Thompson et al., 2012; Schmitt, 2013).

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