Refugee Memoryscape

The Rhetoric of Hmong Refugee Writing

Authored by: Chong A. Moua

The Routledge Handbook of Asian American Studies

Print publication date:  December  2016
Online publication date:  December  2016

Print ISBN: 9780415738255
eBook ISBN: 9781315817514
Adobe ISBN: 9781317813927


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In a letter addressed to Father Yves Bertrais and his Hmong cultural center staff, Shoua Yang (Suav Yaj) asked for a book on Hmong wedding rituals and an audiocassette of Hmong poetry songs. 1 He went on to explain that he wanted the audiocassette of poetry songs because “mother and father have now left for Laos and this has saddened me so I would like to listen to it [the audiocassette].” 2 In addition to asking for books and the audiocassette, at the end of the letter, he also requested one more thing from the cultural center:

And please help send this message to mother and father and all the younger brothers who have successfully interviewed and gone back to Laos … that we, your son and daughter-in-law, who are living at the Napho refugee camp are doing well (noj qab nyob zoo). 3

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