Goal Management Across Adulthood and Old Age: The Adaptive Value of Primary and Secondary Control

Authored by: Carsten Wrosch , Jutta Heckhausen , Margie E. Lachman

Handbook of Personality Development

Print publication date:  April  2006
Online publication date:  February  2014

Print ISBN: 9780805847161
eBook ISBN: 9781315805610
Adobe ISBN: 9781317778073


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This chapter addresses the adaptive value of goal-related motivational processes for successful development across the adult life span. Goals play an important role in successful development because they are the building blocks that structure people's lives and imbue life with purpose, both in the short run and on a long-term basis (Carver & Scheier, 1998; Heckhausen, 1999a; Ryff, 1989). Therefore, processes that are functionally associated with achieving personal goals and managing the negative consequences of goal failure can be expected to contribute to pathways of successful development.

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