Development of Self-Representations in Adulthood

Authored by: Manfred Diehl

Handbook of Personality Development

Print publication date:  April  2006
Online publication date:  February  2014

Print ISBN: 9780805847161
eBook ISBN: 9781315805610
Adobe ISBN: 9781317778073

10.4324/9781315805610.ch19

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Abstract

Theory and research about humans' understanding of their own person and the resulting conceptions of the self have been an integral part of scientific psychology for a long time (James, 1890/1981). Building on the early work by James (1890/1981), the last two decades have seen a renewed interest and a plethora of theoretical (Brandtstadter & Greve, 1994; Markus & Wurf, 1987) and empirical contributions to self-concept research in almost all branches of psychology (Baumeister, 1998; Damon & Hart, 1988; Harter, 1999; Leary & Tangney, 2003; Robins, Norem, & Cheek, 1999). Even trait theorists have incorporated the notion of the self-concept into their theoretical models (McCrae & Costa, 1996) and have acknowledged that individuals' cognitive-affective views of themselves are an important part of personality and essential for the understanding of human behavior (McCrae & Costa, 2003).

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