Theory and Research in Personality Development at the Beginning of the 21 st Century

Authored by: Daniel K. Mroczek , Todd D. Little

Handbook of Personality Development

Print publication date:  April  2006
Online publication date:  February  2014

Print ISBN: 9780805847161
eBook ISBN: 9781315805610
Adobe ISBN: 9781317778073

10.4324/9781315805610.ch1

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Abstract

The scholarly study of personality development began with Sigmund Freud's writings on psychosexual development. Freud was the first to theorize on how personality developed over time, and during the early decades of the 20th century his view was the only game in town. However, other perspectives on personality development emerged after Freud's death in 1939. Harry Stack Sullivan, Erik Erikson, Henry Murray, Karen Horney, and others offered theories, some of which became enormously influential within personality, developmental, social, and clinical psychology. By midcentury, there was a plethora of personality development theories.

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