Strategies for Health Promotion in Individuals Experiencing Anxiety or Anxiety Disorders

Authored by: Deborah V. Thomas , Magdala Habib Farid Maximos

Routledge Handbook of Global Mental Health Nursing

Print publication date:  September  2016
Online publication date:  September  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138017610
eBook ISBN: 9781315780344
Adobe ISBN: 9781317702221


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Generally, the words anxiety and stress are often used interchangeably, however, they are not the same. For the purpose of this chapter, stress (which is discussed in Chapter 10), is defined as a biochemical and adaptive response to threat in a variety of situations. Conversely, anxiety will be defined as an emotional and behavioral reaction resulting from acute or chronic stress. Anxiety is often described as excessive and ongoing fear, apprehension, dread, worry, or overall uneasiness occurring as a result of a real or perceived threat, the actual source of which is not identifiable. The focus of this anxiety can be driven by internal or external stimuli.

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