Europe

Representations of Ethnic Minorities and Their Effects

Authored by: Christian Schemer , Philipp Müller

The Routledge Companion to Media and Race

Print publication date:  December  2016
Online publication date:  November  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138020726
eBook ISBN: 9781315778228
Adobe ISBN: 9781317695837

10.4324/9781315778228.ch24

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Abstract

Public opinion surveys indicate that most people in European countries harbor negative attitudes toward ethnic minorities and favor policy programs intended to restrict immigration (Zick, Küpper, and Hövermann 2011; Zick, Pettigrew, and Wagner 2008). For instance, a recent analysis of data from six rounds of the European Social Survey (covering the period between 2002 and 2012) demonstrates that anti-immigrant attitudes are a relatively stable phenomenon across European countries that has not significantly increased or decreased during this period (Hjerm and Bohman 2014). Moreover, the data show that the general level of racial attitudes differs between countries. Many Eastern-European countries (e.g., the Czech Republic or Hungary) exhibit a higher perceived ethnic threat while especially Scandinavian countries (e.g., Sweden or Norway) show less negative views on ethnic groups. The key factors that lead to these differences seem to be a lack of familiarity with foreigners and the fear of conflict over values and culture rather than social and economic competition between ethnic minorities and the majority population (Schneider 2008).

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