Sports Media in Europe

An International Context

Authored by: Jacco van Sterkenburg

The Routledge Companion to Media and Race

Print publication date:  December  2016
Online publication date:  November  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138020726
eBook ISBN: 9781315778228
Adobe ISBN: 9781317695837


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Ideas about multiculturalism, race, and ethnicity are under discussion in many countries in Europe. There is a strong call upon racial/ethnic minority groups to assimilate to hegemonic norms and values (Essed and Trienekens 2008), and right populist groups in countries such as Greece, Hungary, and France (but also others) question the rights and status of immigrant groups. Taking the Netherlands, the country I live in and know best, as a reference point for a moment: Discussions about racial and ethnic inclusion and exclusion and multicultural society have dominated much of the national debate in the past 15 years. A variety of international organizations as well as the media have pointed to and discussed extensively the existence of various forms of racial/ethnic exclusion and discrimination in the Netherlands. The Council of Europe, for instance, suggested that minority ethnic groups in Dutch society experience disproportionate levels of racism; Amnesty International spoke of racial profiling by the Dutch police; heated debates took place over alleged racism evident in the Dutch labor market and in the meanings of Dutch symbolic figures like Black Pete. The pronounced debate around everyday (explicit and implicit) racisms shows that racism is not a thing of the past despite the general tendency in many Western European countries to discredit talk about possible racisms as outdated and no longer relevant (Essed and Trienekens 2008).

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