A Policy Perspective on Mainstreaming Ecosystem Services

Opportunities and risks

Authored by: Patrick ten Brink , Marianne Kettunen

Routledge Handbook of Ecosystem Services

Print publication date:  January  2016
Online publication date:  January  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138025080
eBook ISBN: 9781315775302
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315775302-41

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Abstract

The ecosystem service (ES) concept is a major focus for discussion within biodiversity policy. Globally, ES are an integral element of the global Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 under the UN Convention for Biological Diversity (CBD), to which over 190 parties committed at the CBD COP 10 in Nagoya, 1 Japan in 2010 (CBD, 2010). Several global biodiversity targets for 2020 (so-called Aichi Targets) are dedicated to the conservation and restoration of ecosystem services. In particular, Aichi Target 14 addresses ‘essential ecosystem services’ 2 and Target 15 3 is focused on carbon sequestration and natural hazards management. 4 Aichi Targets 1 and 2 5 focus on the values of biodiversity, with ecosystem services values being implicitly integrated. These targets provide a commitment from signatories to recognise and integrate ESS into decision-making at all appropriate levels. The establishment of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) in 2012 is another example of a global commitment to the ES concept, complementing the global targets. The platform is intended to improve the Science Policy Interface with specific focus on ecosystem services, 6 which should support the implementation of the Aichi Targets.

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