Development of National Ocean Policy in Japan

Authored by: Hiroshi Terashima , Moritaka Hayashi

Routledge Handbook of National and Regional Ocean Policies

Print publication date:  May  2015
Online publication date:  May  2015

Print ISBN: 9781138788299
eBook ISBN: 9781315765648
Adobe ISBN: 9781317658061


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The importance of the oceans to Japan is self-evident from its geographical location. Equally, the oceans have played a significant role in Japanese culture and in Japan’s economy. The long history of the nation’s use and misuse of oceans and coastal areas has led to a proliferation of related laws and institutions. Most of these were put in place individually in particular sectors without coordination with others. Given such a sectoral approach, Japan has been slow to develop an overall ocean policy. A new era, however, has started for ocean policy development, with the adoption by the Diet (Japanese Parliament) of the Basic Act on Ocean Policy in 2007 1 and the subsequent announcement by the government of an ocean policy paper entitled Basic Plan on Ocean Policy. 2

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