Jamaica’s Oceans and Coastal Policy

Authored by: Laleta Davis Mattis , Peter Edwards

Routledge Handbook of National and Regional Ocean Policies

Print publication date:  May  2015
Online publication date:  May  2015

Print ISBN: 9781138788299
eBook ISBN: 9781315765648
Adobe ISBN: 9781317658061


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Over the past thirty years, there has been much discussion on a global scale relating to integrated coastal zone management (ICZM). The call for a comprehensive regime to manage coastal and oceans resources has not gone unheeded. In fact, coastal states and regions have risen to the challenge, and recognized that dependence on coastal resources must result in their protection and proper management. The recognition that coastal states and regions are part of whole ecosystems, and that there is a need for holistic management that is cognizant of the interconnectedness of people and resources, has been catalytic in prompting nations to move towards ICZM. For small island developing states (SIDs), the application of ICZM is all the more critical owing to their peculiar vulnerabilities and the vicissitudes associated with being so classified. For purposes of this chapter, SIDs can be characterized as low-lying coastal countries that share similar sustainable development challenges. These challenges include a small population, a lack of resources, remoteness, susceptibility to natural disasters, an excessive dependence on international trade and vulnerability to global developments, and a lack of economies of scale (DESA, undated). Jamaica is a small island developing state.

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