Strategy for Marine Environment Conservation and Development in the United Kingdom

Authored by: Hance D. Smith , Iwan Ball , Rhoda C. Ballinger , Tim Stojanovic , Tara Thrupp

Routledge Handbook of National and Regional Ocean Policies

Print publication date:  May  2015
Online publication date:  May  2015

Print ISBN: 9781138788299
eBook ISBN: 9781315765648
Adobe ISBN: 9781317658061

10.4324/9781315765648.ch6

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Abstract

In a strict historical sense, it is true to say that the United Kingdom (UK) has, until very recently, not possessed what may be termed an integrated oceans policy. Nonetheless, as one of the world’s leading maritime nations, it has developed extensive, largely sectorally based, maritime policies, especially since the Industrial Revolution of the late eighteenth/early nineteenth centuries, which policies have closely reflected its emerging economic, political, and strategic interests. From the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805 to the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, the UK was the world’s leading maritime nation; the profound influence of this period in shaping the country’s maritime traditions, outlook, and related institutions remains to this day, despite the radical changes that occurred in the second half of the twentieth century in all aspects of marine affairs.

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