The Sustainable Development Strategy for the Seas of East Asia

Policy implications at local, national, and regional levels

Authored by: Stella Regina Bernad , Chua Thia-Eng

Routledge Handbook of National and Regional Ocean Policies

Print publication date:  May  2015
Online publication date:  May  2015

Print ISBN: 9781138788299
eBook ISBN: 9781315765648
Adobe ISBN: 9781317658061


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On 12 December 2003, ministers and senior officials of the twelve countries of East Asia 1 signed the Putrajaya Declaration and adopted the Sustainable Development Strategy for the Seas of East Asia (SDS-SEA) (PEMSEA, 2003a) as a regional marine strategy for achieving sustainable coastal and ocean development. The SDS-SEA was a product of more than three years of extensive national and regional consultations not only among the countries of the region, but also other stakeholders. The development of the marine strategy was largely based on relevant international conventions and other international and regional instruments, as well as the lessons learned from the coastal and ocean governance experiences in the region – particularly from a decade of efforts and activities undertaken by the Partnership in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA).

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