National Marine Policy

A Vietnamese case study

Authored by: Nguyen Chu Hoi , Hoang Ngoc Giao

Routledge Handbook of National and Regional Ocean Policies

Print publication date:  May  2015
Online publication date:  May  2015

Print ISBN: 9781138788299
eBook ISBN: 9781315765648
Adobe ISBN: 9781317658061

10.4324/9781315765648.ch16

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Abstract

Vietnam has a total sea area approximately three times larger than its land area, which totals 331,700 km2. Vietnam’s marine area includes 2,773 nearshore islands, covering 1,636 km2 of the seafloor, and two offshore archipelagos, the Spratly and Paracels. Among these islands, there are eighty-two islands larger than 1 km2 and twenty-three larger than 10 km2. Three have an area of 100 km2 or more. The mainland is surrounded by the Bien Dong Sea (the South China Sea), which faces two gulfs: the Gulf of Tonkin to the north, and the Gulf of Thailand to the south. The average depth of Bien Dong Sea is 1,140 metres and its volume is approximately 3.928 × 106 km3.

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