Southern Africa

Authored by: Tidings P. Ndhlovu , Nene Ernest Khalema

Routledge Handbook of the History of Global Economic Thought

Print publication date:  August  2014
Online publication date:  August  2014

Print ISBN: 9780415508490
eBook ISBN: 9781315761084
Adobe ISBN: 9781317644125


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The mercantile and colonial periods, including the post-1885 ‘Scramble for Africa’, witnessed raging debates about whether European colonialists were agents of change who had a mission to civilise and modernise the ‘Dark Continent’. Was colonial conquest and its economic intentions a means of showing superiority and humiliating Africans and their traditions (Falola, 2003)? Real or imagined, did the means for material ends, particularly in post-colonial southern Africa, lead to modifications of how people conceive their lived experiences, environments and lands? Did the ‘exploitative’ relationship between southern African countries and the colonizing powers alter the way the whole world saw Africa? Indeed, is dependency and ‘underdevelopment’ a legacy of imperialism?

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