Migration, citizenship and post-national membership

Authored by: Jelena Dzankic

Routledge Handbook of Immigration and Refugee Studies

Print publication date:  October  2015
Online publication date:  October  2015

Print ISBN: 9781138794313
eBook ISBN: 9781315759302
Adobe ISBN: 9781317638773

10.4324/9781315759302.ch18

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Abstract

Issues surrounding the theory and practice of migration are inextricably related to those of identity, social and cultural integration and diversity. In the simplest terms, migration is the movement of people from one location to another with the aim of settling, mid- to long-term, in the place of their destination. Historically, migration was commonly induced by climatic changes, resource scarcity, conflict or territorial expansion. This implies that the historical concept of migration entailed the movement of large groups over longer territorial stretches, as was the case with the early human migrations from Africa to Eurasia, or Turkic migrations across Central Asia into Europe and the Middle East between the sixth and the eleventh century. Other examples of such large-scale historical migrations include those caused by Greek, Roman and Ottoman conquests or population movements that resulted from the Age of Discovery and European colonialism.

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