Catholicism in India

Authored by: Thomas J. Csordas , Amrita Kurian

Routledge Handbook of Religions in Asia

Print publication date:  September  2014
Online publication date:  September  2014

Print ISBN: 9780415635035
eBook ISBN: 9781315758534
Adobe ISBN: 9781317636465

10.4324/9781315758534.ch5

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Abstract

Christianity in India has a long, complex and varied history. It accounts for 24,080,016 or 2.3 percent of the total population 1 and is the second largest minority religion in India. Two-thirds of this population is Roman Catholic and almost 14 million Christians are Dalits 2 (Mosse 2012: ix; Michael 2010: 52). Although, the census uses the umbrella term Christian to denote the population, there are numerous sects within Christianity including Roman Catholics, Syrian Christians and several Evangelical and Protestant sects. Each has its own lineage, history and legends (Frykenberg 2008: x). Christian population centers are Goa, Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur, Meghalaya, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Arunachal Pradesh and the Union Territories of Pondicherry and Daman and Diu (Robinson 2003).

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