Anti-Poverty Policies and the Structure of Inequality

Authored by: Eiko Strader , Joya Misra

The Routledge Handbook of Poverty in the United States

Print publication date:  December  2014
Online publication date:  December  2014

Print ISBN: 9780415673440
eBook ISBN: 9781315755519
Adobe ISBN: 9781317627401

10.4324/9781315755519.ch23

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Abstract

Poverty in the United States reflects larger societal inequalities, based on race, ethnicity, nativity, age, gender, disability status, and family structure. Figure 23.1 summarizes these trends, using 2011 data from the Current Population Survey (U.S. Census Bureau, 2012). While women are only slightly more likely to be poor than men, more than one quarter of Blacks and Hispanics are poor, as compared to less than 10% of Whites and 12% of Asians. By nativity and citizenship status, foreignborn citizens have the lowest rates of poverty, followed by native-born citizens and foreign-born immigrants. Poverty varies a great deal by age, with children most likely to experience poverty. Families with children headed by single mothers experience the highest levels of poverty, compared to single-father families and families headed by two parents. Poverty also varies by disability status. Figure 23.1 Poverty status for groups in the United States, 2011 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012.

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