Infra-Slow Fluctuation (ISF) Training for Autism Spectrum Disorders

Authored by: Mark Llewellyn Smith , Leonardo M. Leiderman , Jackie de Vries

Handbook of Clinical QEEG and Neurotherapy

Print publication date:  November  2016
Online publication date:  November  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138802643
eBook ISBN: 9781315754093
Adobe ISBN: 9781317623083


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There is growing evidence that the symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder have been improved with Infra-slow Fluctuation neurofeedback training. This form of neurofeedback focuses on the slowest oscillations in the human cerebral cortex. These low frequencies have been associated in research with the coordination of neuronal network communication including networks that regulate social, emotional, and sensory processing. Autonomic response was one of the first behaviors linked with ultra-slow frequencies in animal research. The concomitant research and clinical outcomes provide a rationale for the use of ISF training for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

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