Authored by: Richard Ned Lebow

Routledge Handbook of Security Studies

Print publication date:  July  2016
Online publication date:  July  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138803930
eBook ISBN: 9781315753393
Adobe ISBN: 9781317620921


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Threat-based strategies have always been central to International Relations (IR). Deterrence and compellence represent efforts to conceptualize these strategies to make them more understandable in theory and more effective in practice. These efforts, which have been under way since the end of the Second World War, remain highly controversial. There is no consensus among scholars or policy-makers about the efficacy of these strategies or the conditions in which they are most appropriate.

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