Land Use Planning in an Era of Hyper-Security

Authored by: Charles Geisler , David Kay

Routledge International Handbook of Rural Studies

Print publication date:  May  2016
Online publication date:  May  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138804371
eBook ISBN: 9781315753041
Adobe ISBN: 9781317619864

10.4324/9781315753041.ch25

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Abstract

As the environmental movement gained ground in the 1960s and 1970s, the land use planning powers vested in state and federal government agencies in the United States ballooned. Environmentalists welcomed this ‘quiet revolution’ in land use controls, heretofore reserved to state and local governments as a police power under the Tenth Amendment of the US Constitution. Even by the early 1970s, however, this trend faltered somewhat (Plotkin, 1980; Sabatier, 1988), and by the 1980s and 1990s conservatives trumped conservationists with a rising tide of neoliberal regulation roll-backs, land use controls among them. Property rights groups, Republican-dominated state legislatures, and state and federal courts successfully hamstrung the quiet revolution (Kayden, 2004; Adler, 2005; Heynen, McCarthy, Prudham & Robbins, 2007). In its place appeared a broad ‘devolution revolution’ (Soss, Schram, Vartanian & O’Brian, 2001).

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