A Cross-Country Decomposition Analysis of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Asian Countries

Authored by: Hainan Shi , Shunsuke Okamoto , Shigemi Kagawa , Keisuke Nansai

The Routledge Handbook of Environmental Economics in Asia

Print publication date:  March  2015
Online publication date:  February  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415656450
eBook ISBN: 9781315746289
Adobe ISBN: 9781317597872

10.4324/9781315746289.ch5

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Abstract

Greenhouse gases (GHG) are atmospheric gasses that absorb and reflect radiation within the thermal infrared range. In combination, these processes are considered to be the principle causes of the greenhouse effect, as well as being responsible for the gradual increase in global temperatures (see e.g., Hansen et al., 2001). The emission of greenhouse gasses, such as carbon dioxide, etc., results in part from the combustion of petroleum, coal, and natural gas for goods production, transportation, and electricity (see Raupach, 2007). In order to reduce emissions of GHG, many countries ratified the Kyoto Protocol,1 the primary objective of which was stated as, “During the period from 2008 to 2012, six types of GHG emissions across countries will be reduced by 5 percent of the total compared to 1990.” However, this commitment applies only to Annex I countries,2 and we need to concentrate on the roles that both Annex I countries and Non-Annex I countries3 play in global ecology.

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