The Future of Quantitative Methods for Detecting Cheating

Conclusions, Cautions, and Recommendations

Authored by: James A. Wollack , Gregory J. Cizek

Handbook of Quantitative Methods for Detecting Cheating on Tests

Print publication date:  October  2016
Online publication date:  October  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138821804
eBook ISBN: 9781315743097
Adobe ISBN: 9781317588108

10.4324/9781315743097.ch21

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Abstract

The “kitchen-sink” approach to detecting cheating (Wollack & Fremer, 2013) is—we hope—a dying paradigm. In the kitchen-sink approach, any and all analyses to identify unusual behavior are conducted, without solid understandings of the nature of the cheating suspected, the properties of the detection methods, the degrees to which they provide correlated findings, or, in many cases, accurate information about expected outcomes in null data. The approach presents a great risk for falsely labeling typical behavior as cheating or falsely attributing innocuous atypical behaviors as some form of test fraud. Wollack and Fremer (2013) suggest that the solution to the kitchen-sink approach is “to study and further develop [cheating] methodologies… through a combination of simulation research and real-data applications aimed at understanding the methods’ fundamental properties for a variety of situations resembling those found in practice” (pp. 8–9).

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