Similarity, Answer Copying, and Aberrance

Understanding the Status Quo

Authored by: Cengiz Zopluoglu

Handbook of Quantitative Methods for Detecting Cheating on Tests

Print publication date:  October  2016
Online publication date:  October  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138821804
eBook ISBN: 9781315743097
Adobe ISBN: 9781317588108

10.4324/9781315743097.ch2

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Abstract

In an era of high-stakes testing, maintaining the integrity of test scores has become an important issue and another aspect of validity. A search on the Web with words “test fraud” and “cheating” reveals increasing numbers of news stories in the local and national media outlets, potentially leading to less public confidence about the use of test scores for high-stakes decisions. To address the increasing concerns about the integrity of test scores, the scholarly community is beginning to develop a variety of best practices for preventing, detecting, and investigating testing irregularities. For instance, the National Council on Measurement in Education (2012) released a handbook on test and data integrity, the Council of Chief State School Officials published a test security guidebook (Olson & Fremer, 2013), and the Association of Test Publishers and the National College Testing Association have recently developed a best practices document related to test proctoring (ATP & NCTA, 2015). A symposium on test integrity was hosted with a number of experts from universities, testing companies, state educational agencies, law firms, and nonprofit organizations (U.S. Department of Education, IES, & NCES, 2013). Similarly, an annual scholarly conference on statistical detection of test fraud has been held since 2012 with a growing national and international attention. All these efforts provided an environment for people to discuss the best practices and policies to prevent, detect, and investigate testing irregularities and to ensure the integrity of test scores.

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