Empathy in Mind

Authored by: Lori Gruen

The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Animal Minds

Print publication date:  July  2017
Online publication date:  July  2017

Print ISBN: 9781138822887
eBook ISBN: 9781315742250
Adobe ISBN:


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In everyday discussions as well as in psychological research, “empathy” has many different meanings. It has been described as an epistemic state – knowing what another individual is feeling, or as an affective state – feeling what another individual is feeling. Some see empathy as a discrete act – coming to experience the world as you imagine someone else does. Some see it as a process that blends attunement, judgment, and action.

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