Al-Ghazali

Authored by: Michael Marmura

Medieval Philosophy of Religion

Print publication date:  July  2013
Online publication date:  October  2014

Print ISBN: 9781844652211
eBook ISBN: 9781315729626
Adobe ISBN: 9781317546481

10.4324/9781315729626.ch7

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Abstract

Al-Ghazali (al-Ghazālī), Abū Ḥāmid Ibn Muḥammad Ibn Muḥammad al-Ṭūsī (1058–1111), a towering figure in the history of Islamic religious thought, was trained in Islamic law (fiqh) and Islamic theology (kalām). A severe logical critic of the philosophers al-Farabi (d. c.950) and Avicenna (Ibn Sina, d. 1037), condemning them as infidels for some of their philosophical theories, he nonetheless reinterpreted some of Avicenna’s ideas and incorporated them within his theology. At the age of thirty-seven, he abandoned a prestigious teaching post in Baghdad to follow an ascetic mystic path. He became a noted Islamic mystic, a Sufi, and endeavoured to reconcile Sufism with traditional Islamic belief.

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