Water Management, Urban Development And Health

Authored by: Jessica Lamond

The Routledge Handbook Of Planning For Health And Well-Being

Print publication date:  June  2015
Online publication date:  May  2015

Print ISBN: 9781138023307
eBook ISBN: 9781315728261
Adobe ISBN: 9781317542407

10.4324/9781315728261.ch21

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Abstract

Water is central to health and well-being with the basic need for water supply for drinking, fishing, washing and irrigation of vital food supplies. For this reason human settlements historically formed around sources of water, often on rivers or coastal sites that offered the added benefits of ease of transportation and waste disposal. The positive practical aspects of living near watercourses and the sea in the developed world have reduced with, among other things, the advent of piped water and drainage; domination of road and air travel over canals and shipping routes; and concentration of food distribution in the hands of large retailers with international supply chains. However, these early settlements formed the basis of the major conurbations in which a large proportion of the world population now lives (see Figure 21.1).

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