National cinema

Authored by: Juan Poblete

The Routledge Companion to Latin American Cinema

Print publication date:  September  2017
Online publication date:  September  2017

Print ISBN: 9781138855267
eBook ISBN: 9781315720449
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315720449.ch1

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Abstract

National cinema has been a defining concept for film criticism, frequently determining the scope of given studies. As noted in the introduction to this volume, the earliest monographs aimed to delineate the historical development of films made within given countries, and since that period there have been numerous books on Mexican cinema, Bolivian cinema, Cuban cinema, etc. Yet, starting in the late 1980s, numerous theorists began to question the underlying (and often unacknowledged) parameters that have been used to delineate the category itself (Higson 1989, 2006; Crofts 2006). Does national cinema refer to all films made within specific countries, or does it refer primarily to those films that uphold a (given) notion of national identity? Could the term refer to something other than domestic productions?

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