Politics, Religion, and the making of Terrorism in Pakistan and India

Authored by: Eamon Murphy

The Routledge History of Terrorism

Print publication date:  April  2015
Online publication date:  March  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415535779
eBook ISBN: 9781315719061
Adobe ISBN: 9781317514879

10.4324/9781315719061.ch23

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Abstract

In recent times, especially since the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, scholars and media commentators have paid close attention to violent acts committed in the name of religion, especially Islam. Pakistan, in particular, has been identified as a major center of extremism, the epicenter of global terrorism, and allegedly a failing state facing the threat of nuclear weapons falling into the hands of extremists. In contrast, its neighbor and main rival, India, is very often held up as a model of a tolerant, secular democratic Asian state whose numerically dominant religion, Hinduism, is viewed as a pacifist, non-violent religion. Innocent citizens of both states, however, have been the victims of acts of violence committed in the name of religion since the 1980s.

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