The Urban Guerrilla, Terrorism, and state terror in Latin America

Authored by: Jennifer S. Holmes

The Routledge History of Terrorism

Print publication date:  April  2015
Online publication date:  March  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415535779
eBook ISBN: 9781315719061
Adobe ISBN: 9781317514879


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Since the mid-twentieth century, Latin America has suffered from some of the highest incidents of terror, both state and non-state. From Mexico to the southern cone, Latin America has had more terrorist incidents than all other regions of the world, making up more than a quarter of the world’s attacks (according to the Global Terrorism Database, and including the Caribbean). As a region, the groups that have carried out these attacks have been both homegrown and inspired from abroad. Latin America has also suffered from some of the most brutal examples of state terror, including the notorious cases of Argentina and Guatemala. Typically, violence from small groups was met with indiscriminate repression, which then spawned more violent groups, creating a cycle of escalation and human rights violations.

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