Authored by: Tobias Hoffmann

The Routledge Companion to Medieval Philosophy

Print publication date:  January  2021
Online publication date:  January  2021

Print ISBN: 9780415658270
eBook ISBN: 9781315709604
Adobe ISBN:


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What is free will? What grounds our free will and what threatens it? What increases or diminishes it? How must free will be conceived of in order to account for moral responsibility? These were the principal questions that animated the highly innovative and increasingly complex discussions about free will in the medieval Latin tradition. 1 Other, more particular questions arose from these, such as whether free will consists in the ability to choose between alternatives, whether it implies that the will moves itself, and whether non-human animals are free. There is hardly a question concerning free will that did not prompt a lively and at times passionate debate, for the notion of free will was considered foundational for moral theology and moral philosophy.

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