National Referral Mechanisms

Authored by: Jyothi Kanics

Routledge Handbook of Human Trafficking

Print publication date:  September  2017
Online publication date:  August  2017

Print ISBN: 9781138892064
eBook ISBN: 9781315709352
Adobe ISBN:


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This chapter explains how the concept of the National Referral Mechanism (NRM) developed in policy and law over the past decade. It also examines some specific challenges that States, civil society actors, and International Organisations have faced in implementing and monitoring NRMs in practice. It draws attention to the need for better coherence and improved co-ordination between NRMs and existing national child protection systems and national asylum systems. Furthermore, it seeks to demonstrate why taking a human rights-based approach to implementing NRMs is not only in keeping with the original NRM concept elaborated a decade ago, but is also essential to creating trust among the actors involved, and to securing the dual aims of the NRM in pursuit of both prosecution and protection.

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