Trafficking in human beings as a crime and as a human rights violation

Authored by: Joachim Renzikowski

Routledge Handbook of Human Trafficking

Print publication date:  September  2017
Online publication date:  August  2017

Print ISBN: 9781138892064
eBook ISBN: 9781315709352
Adobe ISBN:


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The Preamble to the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings designates trafficking as “a violation of human rights and an offence to the dignity and integrity of human beings”. Similarly, Directive 2011/36/EU, Recital 1 calls human trafficking “a serious crime” and “a gross violation of fundamental rights”. 1 This chapter assesses whether trafficking in human beings (THB) violates human rights, and considers the consequences for States.

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