Nature schools and China’s environmental education

Authored by: Rob Efird

Routledge International Handbook of Schools and Schooling in Asia

Print publication date:  May  2018
Online publication date:  May  2018

Print ISBN: 9781138908499
eBook ISBN: 9781315694382
Adobe ISBN:


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Although environmental education is officially mandatory in Chinese primary and secondary education, Chinese schools typically find it difficult to fulfill this mandate. This chapter explores the recent development and role of “nature schools” (ziran xuexiao) in China to supplement and support the formal curricula in public schools. In particular, I profile a Sino-Japanese project to foster Chinese nature school development and network-building, and discuss its impact through the eyes of three Chinese participants. The chapter concludes by discussing teacher training and relationships with local public schools as key arbiters of nature schools’ future growth in China.

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