Lake Restoration

Authored by: Erik Jeppesen , Martin Søndergaard , Zhengwen Liu

Routledge Handbook of Ecological and Environmental Restoration

Print publication date:  May  2017
Online publication date:  May  2017

Print ISBN: 9781138922129
eBook ISBN: 9781315685977
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315685977.ch16

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Abstract

Eutrophication following exposure to high nutrient loading has been the key environmental problem in lakes and reservoirs world-wide for many decades. Phosphorus (P) is invariably considered the most critical nutrient for the ecological state of lakes as well as any restoration attempts, though recent studies suggest that nitrogen (N) is of higher importance than previously assumed (Moss et al. 2013). The consequences of eutrophication are increased biomass of phytoplankton, resulting in turbid water, blooms of (often toxic) cyanobacteria and loss of biodiversity.

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