South Asian modern educators

Authored by: Parimala V. Rao

The Routledge Encyclopedia of Modern Asian Educators

Print publication date:  June  2021
Online publication date:  June  2021

Print ISBN: 9781138933613
eBook ISBN: 9781315678429
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315678429-287

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Abstract

This chapter consists of three parts. (1) A brief introduction to the British colonial education policy as a background to Indian educators and the post-colonial government policies of various South Asian countries to understand the work of South Asian educators. (2) A short timeline of modern education in India and South Asia. (3) Modern Asian educators. The first section describes the general historical background from the time of the formation of the East India Company until India’s independence in 1947 and educational development after 1947 in India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The timelines cover (1) the Indian timeline from 1700 to 2000, and (2) the timeline of South Asian countries from 1947 to 2000. Part three consists of 44 modern educators who devoted themselves to introducing and developing “modern” school system in India and the South Asian countries. Of the 44 entries, 10 are Scotsmen, 2 English, 1 Canadian, and 1 Anglo-Indian, and the remaining 30 are Indians. This shows that the development of modern education in India was not guided by narrow national interests, and it was closely entangled in the transnational connection. Though hundreds of names of women appear in files as donors and supporters of girls’ schools, their details are hard to come by, as there is an acute lack of research in the history of education in India and South Asia. So this section limits itself to four Indian women educators.

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