Korean modern educators

Authored by: Ji-Yeon Hong

The Routledge Encyclopedia of Modern Asian Educators

Print publication date:  June  2021
Online publication date:  June  2021

Print ISBN: 9781138933613
eBook ISBN: 9781315678429
Adobe ISBN:


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This chapter starts with a shortened Korean history of the pre-colonialized Chosen Empire. The explanations are followed by rather simplified statements on the Japanese colonial era and Korean modernization after 1945. In the sketch of all discourses consisting of three parts, not a few indigenous trials and development of Korean national education can be found. The Korean people and education could not escape from the effects of worldwide waves of modernization which surrounded the Chosen peninsula. The timeline of Korean modern education reflects the conflicting political history of modern Korea. The more nationally educational, the more political against Japanese imperialism. Japanese influences upon Korean language were not shallow, because it was forbidden to use Korean in public life and in education from kindergarten to tertiary college. In the international settings of the late 19th century, Japanese intellectuals translated European terms into Japanese using Hanji. More Japanese translations were exported to China and Korea. The main text compiles 50 modern Korean educators. Some of them went abroad to study in China, Japan, the United States of America, and Europe; some of them struggled toward liberation of women from conventionalism based on Confucianism; and some of them performed the role of combatants against Japanese militarism and colonialism. Coming back to ancient history, Korea was the predecessor to Japan. Many Koreans migrated to Japan to help inhabitants in the Japanese archipelago. Mutual cultural exchanges are not dealt with in this chapter.

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